JOP0010.1177/0269881114525674Journal of PsychopharmacologyBaldwin et al.
Evidence-based pharmacological treatment
of anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress
disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder:
A revision of the 2005 guidelines from the
British Association for Psychopharmacology
Journal of Psychopharmacology
2014, Vol. 28(5) 403–439
© The Author(s) 2014
Reprints and permissions:
David S Baldwin1,2, Ian M Anderson3, David J Nutt4, Christer Allgulander5, Borwin Bandelow6, Johan A den Boer7,8, David M Christmas9, Simon Davies10, Naomi Fineberg11, Nicky Lidbetter12, Andrea Malizia13, Paul McCrone14, Daniel Nabarro15, Catherine O’Neill12, Jan Scott16, Nic van der Wee17 and Hans-Ulrich Wittchen18
This revision of the 2005 British Association for Psychopharmacology guidelines for the evidence-based pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorders provides an update on key steps in diagnosis and clinical management, including recognition, acute treatment, longer-term treatment, combination treatment, and further approaches for patients who have not responded to first-line interventions. A consensus meeting involving international experts in anxiety disorders reviewed the main subject areas and considered the strength of supporting evidence and its clinical implications. The guidelines are based on available evidence, were constructed after extensive feedback from participants, and are presented as recommendations to aid clinical decision-making in primary, secondary and tertiary medical care. They may also serve as a source of information for patients, their carers, and medicines management and formulary committees.
Anticonvulsants, antidepressants, antipsychotics, anxiety disorders, anxiolytics, benzodiazepines, cognitive behaviour therapy, evidence-based guidelines, generalised anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, pregabalin, separation anxiety disorder, serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor, social anxiety disorder, specific phobia, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, treatment.
The British Association for Psychopharmacology (BAP; www.
bap.org.uk) aims to advance education and research in the science and practice of psychopharmacology by arranging scientific
meetings, fostering research and teaching, encouraging publication of research results, and providing guidance and information on matters relevant to psychopharmacology. As part of this
of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town,
Cape Town, South Africa
3Neuroscience and Psychiatry Unit, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
4Division of Experimental Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK
5Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
6Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of
Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany
7Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, University Medical Centre Groningen (UMCG), Groningen, The Netherlands
8PRA International Zuidlaren,The Netherlands
9Cambridge and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK 10Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Medical School, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK
UK, Manchester, UK
13North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, UK
14Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, London, UK
15OCD Action, London, UK
16Newcastle University, Newcastle, UK
17Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
18Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technical University Dresden, Dresden, Germany
David Baldwin, University Department of Psychiatry,...
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