heart failure - 772 Words
Diagnosis: Heart Failure
Defined: “An abnormal clinical condition involving impaired cardiac pumping that results in pathophysiologic changes in vasoconstriction and fluid retention” (Lewis, Heitkemper, Dirksen, O’Brien, Bucher, 2007, p. 821).
Risk factors: Increasing age and coronary artery disease are the two main risk factors for heart failure. Heart failure may also develop by other contributing risk factors, such as cigarette smoking, diabetes, high cholesterol, obesity, and...
772 Words | 3 Pages